Research and Application of PTFE Premixed Slurry

Introduction of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) micronized powder
PTFE is a white fine powder, also known as PTFE wax, has good mechanical properties, electrical properties, wide temperature range (-200 + 260 ℃), excellent chemical resistance, weather resistance, and good non-stick, lubricity. The unique structure of PTFE's macromolecule and the extremely high bond energy (460 KJ/mol) between the carbon and fluorine atoms in the molecule make it different from ordinary plastics and give it excellent performance.
Shamrock Technology Corporation(USA) is an innovative leader in the micronized wax and PTFE micronized powder industry, pioneering the use of PTFE micronized wax in inks and coatings in 1960 and providing additional new product development support for dispersions, emulsions and unique submicron products in 2007. 13% of the global PTFE micronized wax market by 2020.
High radiation micronization to obtain the low molecular weight PTFE micronized powder is commonly used in engineering plastics and special engineering materials wear-resistant additives; Emulsion polymerized high molecular weight PTFE micropowder, which becomes fibrous when the thermoplastic flame retardant system is burned, plays a role in flame retardancy and anti-dripping; Nanoscale PTFE micronized powder is used in rubber products to reduce friction coefficient and improve compression change performance.
Ordinary micronized powder is produced by directly polymerizing particles for micropowder grinding. In this paper, We try to use aqueous dispersants to prepare PTFE micronized powder into premixed slurry for use in aqueous coatings and inks to improve the friction performance.

Preparation of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) premix slurry
1.1 PTFE premixed slurry process
Add PTFE micronized powder, water, dispersant, defoamer, wetting agent, thickener, PH adjuster in order in the mixing cylinder, mix for 5-10 minutes, add glass beads (Φ1.0mm) for grinding for 30-40 minutes.
Filter to get uniform PTFE premixed slurry.
NO. Raw material Dosage/% Process
1 Deionized water 50  
2 Wetting agent 6001 0.5  
3 Dispersant 2.0  
4 Defoamer F1301 0.8  
5 PTFE micronized powder 50 Φ3.0cm,600rpm, 5-10min
6 Thickener 2020 1.7 Add glass beads and grind for 30 minutes
7 B-10 0.1  
8 AMP-95 0.1 Adjust the pH to 7.9

1.2 PTFE premixed slurry performance
The experiment evaluated the effect of two dispersants added at 2% on particle size.
Parameter DS-1 /μm DS-2/μm DS-3/μm
D03 1.617 1.113 1.315
D06 2.003 1.398 1.663
D10 2.382 1.696 2.012
D16 2.832 2.059 2.440
D25 3.449 2.527 3.000
D75 9.479 6.169 8.089
D50 5.437 3.859 4.709
D84 12.39 7.998 10.83
D90 15.42 10.29 13.81
D97 23.00 16.50 20.84
It can be known from experiments that DS-2 dispersant has the finest particle size for PTFE particles, which can be used for water-based paints or inks.

1.3 Silicone high temperature coating performance
NO. Raw material Dosage/% Process
1 Silicone resin M-02 50  
2 Dispersant DS-2130 1.5  
3 Glass powder 33802 15 Disperse for 15 minutes
4 Wetting agent UL-5124 0.2  
5 Defoamer F-2561 0.2  
6 Iron red paste 50% 8 Disperse for 5 minutes
7 Adhesion promoter D6600 0.2  
8 Anti-flash rust agent 2062 0.4  
9 Thickener HEC 0.3 Disperse for 5 minutes
The coating was prepared according to the formula, the steel plate in the laboratory was sandblasted, and the iron red silicone paint was applied after degreasing, baked at 280°C for 6 hours, and stood at room temperature for 12 hours to test the wear resistance. After adding 5% PTFE premixed slurry, the wear resistance of the coating was significantly improved, and the coating without premixed slurry was scratched on the substrate. At the same time, the coating has excellent adhesion properties.

With the deepening of research on dispersants, the mechanism and effect of some hyperdispersants have been continuously discovered, and their applications in the special high-temperature coating industry are becoming more and more extensive.
This paper uses dispersants to prepare PTFE wax slurry, which can be well applied to aqueous silicone high-temperature coatings. The experimental results show that PTFE particles are evenly distributed in the coating with the dispersant and aggregated with silicone polymers, which has the effect of enhancing the anti-friction of the coating.